• Hmmmm Characteristics of Dyslexia
    The primary difficulties of a student identified as having dyslexia occur in phonemic awareness and manipulation, single-word decoding, reading fluency, and spelling. Secondary consequences of dyslexia may include difficulties in reading comprehension and/or written expression. These difficulties are unexpected for the student’s age, educational level, or cognitive abilities. Additionally, there is often a family history of similar difficulties.

    The following are the primary reading/spelling characteristics of dyslexia:

    *Difficulty reading real words in isolation;
    *Difficulty accurately decoding nonsense words;
    *Slow, inaccurate, or labored oral reading; (lack of reading fluency);
    *Difficulty with learning to spell.


    The reading/spelling characteristics are the result of difficulty with the following:

    *The development of phonological awareness, including segmenting, blending, and manipulating sounds in words;
    *Learning the names of letters and their associated sounds;
    *Phonological memory (holding information about sounds and words in memory);
    *Rapid naming of familiar objects, colors, or letters of the alphabet.


    Secondary consequences of dyslexia may include the following:

    *Variable difficulty with aspects of reading comprehension;
    *Variable difficulty with aspects of written composition;
    *A limited amount of time spent in reading activities.